is a branch of physics using theoretical (primarily mathematical) modeling of phenomena and its comparison with reality as the main way of studying nature. In this definition, theoretical physics is an independent method of studying nature, although its contents are naturally formed taking into account experimental results and observations of nature.
Elementary Particle Physics and Relativistic Nuclear Physics
is a branch of physics that studies the structure and properties of elementary particles and their interactions. Particle Physics looks into the very heart of our world. It is in a constant pursuit of answers to fundamental questions about the properties of matter, forces, space and time.
is a branch of physics that studies the structure and properties of atomic nuclei and their collisions (nuclear reactions). The problems arising in Nuclear Physics are typical examples of the many-body problem.
Condensed Matter Physics, Radiation and Radiobiological Research
is a vast branch of physics that studies the behavior of complex systems with a strong coupling. The experimental base of JINR allows conducting not only advanced fundamental research, but also applied research in the field of condensed matter physics, biology, medicine, materials science, geophysics, and engineering diagnostics.
Networking, Computing, Computational Physics
Computing is a way of solving time-consuming computational problems using several computers, often combined in a parallel computing system. This includes the so-called grid computing, a form of distributed computing, in which a “virtual supercomputer” is presented in the form of clusters connected via a network of loosely coupled heterogeneous computers operating together to perform an enormous number of tasks.
Engineering and Instrumentation
This branch of physics deals with measuring and controlling in science and industry, instruments related to physical processes, variables and their calibration. In nuclear and elementary particle physics, instrumentation is usually associated with the technique of detecting particles, nuclei, and fragments with the measurement of their characteristics, such as, for example, charge, mass, or momentum. Engineering in accelerators usually combines such areas as cryogenics, superconducting, compressor, and vacuum technologies, as well as electronics operating under extreme conditions.